Day 35-Spoken English to Teachers - Learn Tenses,Vocabulary,Verb forms

Day 35- Spoken English to Teachers - Learn Tenses,Vocabulary,Verb forms

Spoken English to Teachers - Day 35: Spoken English training to teachers by whatsapp, Innovative spoken English Programme, Day wise spoken English classes, whatsapp English course, 5 words-5 sentences-pro verbs, Grammar, vocabulary, English lessons, Learn English, Learn Tenses. Day 35- Spoken English to Teachers - Learn Tenses,Vocabulary,Verb forms.

Spoken English,TS Teachers,Learn Tenses
SPOKEN ENGLISH DAY-35 (29-4-2016)
TENSES DAY-12
Let us observe the expression used in the past perfect tense.

2.3 PAST PERFECT TENSE 
The past perfect tense is most often used for the following :
A) For actions that happened before a past events.
B) In reported speech (Indirect Speech)
C) In conditional ( if ) sentences.

Grammar focus :
In this tense we use
1. Had (past form of has / have)
2 third form of the verb (V3)

Sentence Structure :
Positive:
Subject + had + V3+Object.

Negative
Subject +hadn't + V3 + Object.
A) For actions that happenend before a past event:

Eg:
1. When I got home yesterday, my mother had already cooked dinner.
2. I didn't go for the movie with my friends because I had already seen it.
3. The students had gone home before the teacher arrived.
4. The meeting had already begun before we reached there.
5. Key words: already, just, never, before etc are used with past perfect.

B) In reported speech:
The past perfect is commonly used when we report people's exact words or thoughts

Eg:
1. He said that he had joined a course.
2. Mary informed that she hadn't submitted the question paper.
3. I thought I had sent her the birthday card, but I was wrong.

C) In conditional (If) sentences.
The past perfect is used in unreal situation like:
1. If I had known you were in Hyderabad, I would have called you.
2. If I had had enough time, I would have completed the project work.
(Usage of 'had had'- the first had refers to the time frame- perfective. The second had refers to possession)
3. If you hadn't helped me , I wouldn't have finished the task.

Questions:
Structure:
Had + Subject + V3+ Object?
1. Had they visited a doctor ?
2. Had it rained cats and dogs last night?
3. Had the film started before you reached?

Idiom:
Meaning
1. raining cats and dogs= raining very heavily
It had rained cats and dogs last night.

VOCABULARY
1. Break in/ into - entered forcibly - చొచ్చుకునిపోవు
The robbers  broke into  the house and stole the jewellery.
The robbers broke in through the window and stole the jewllery.

2. Obliged - indebted రుణపడివుండు
I shall be obliged if you consider my application of mutual transfer.

3. Widespread - విస్తృతం
Widespread campaigning of the introduction of English medium in primary schools is essential to increase enrollment.

4. Memorandum - విజ్ఞాపనము
Several private schools have submitted a memorandum  to the goverment regarding the usage of textbooks at primary  level.

5. Symptom- లక్షణం
High body temperature, rapid breathing and headache are the symptoms of heat stroke.

VERB FORMS
(Irregular Verbs)
Present-Past-Past participle
       V1       V2       V3
1. pay -  paid  - paid
2. ride  - rode - ridden
3. light  -  lit   -  lit
4. wake -woke-woken
5. stand-stood-stood
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