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SPOKEN ENGLISH DAY-51 (18-5-2016)
In this structure , we use
1. Could have
2. Past participle (V3)
Subject + Could have + V3 + Object
Subject + Couldn't have + V3 + Object1.
Could have + past participle means
that something was possible in the past, or you had the ability to do something in the past, but that you didn't do it
1. I could have stayed up late, but I decided to go to bed early.
2. They could have won the race, but they didn't try hard enough.
3. Jayesh could have bought the book, but he borrowed it from the library instead.
4. He could have studied harder, but he was too lazy and that's why he failed the exam.
2: We use could have + past participle
When we want to make a guess about something that happened in the past. In this case, we don't know if what we're saying is true or not true.
We're just talking about our opinion of what maybe happened.
Why is Suresh late?
1. He could have got stuck in traffic.
2. He could have forgotten that we were meeting today.
3. He could have overslept.
3. Couldn't have + past participle
means that something wasn't possible in the past, even if you had wanted to do it.
I couldn't have arrived any earlier. There was a terrible traffic jam
smile emoticon it was impossible for me to have arrived any earlier).
He couldn't have passed the exam, even if he had studied harder. It's a really, really difficult exam.
1. aboard : on or into (a ship, aircraft, train, or other vehicle).
We went aboard the boat.
Is there a doctor aboard the plane?
about : on the subject of, concerning.(గురించి)
What do you think about Mary?
Let’s talk about something different.
I’ve just read a book about President Kalam.
The lion was pacing about its cage.
above : at a higher level or layer than ( పైన / మీద )
We are flying above the clouds.
We live in the hills, 1,000 metres above sea-level.
It’s only two degrees above freezing point. [+2ºC]
Who came above you in the test results?
across: from one side to the other side of.( అంతటా/అడ్డంగా)
We drove across the desert.
The dog ran across the road.
There is a bridge across the river.
after : in the time following (also conj.) (తరువాత/ అనంతరం )
We had lunch [1pm] after the meeting [11am].
Let’s meet the day after tomorrow.
against : in opposition to(వ్యతిరేకంగా/విరుద్దంగా / ప్రతికూలంగా)
Did you vote for or against the suggestion?
He put his bicycle against the wall.
We walked along the beach for two miles.
There are trees along the road.
The toilet is along the corridor.
alongside - side by side (కలిసి / పక్కన )
Their boat came alongside our boat.
Team A worked alongside Team B during construction.
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