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SPOKEN ENGLISH DAY-53 (20-5-2016)
Friends, certain verbs are frequently used in our regular speech.
Today let us observe the usage of some of them.
Important Verbs in English:
Let, Make, Have, Get, Help
The verbs - let, make, have, get, and help are called causative verbs ( కారకాలు / కారణమైన ) because they cause some other action to happen.
Here are some examples of how causative verbs work in English sentences.
LET = permit something to happen(అనుమతించు / వీలుకల్పించు)
▪ LET + PERSON/THING + VERB 1
▪ I don’t let my kids watch violent movies.
▪ Maya’s father won’t let her adopt a puppy because he’s allergic to dogs.
▪ Our boss doesn’t let us eat lunch at our desks; we have to eat in the cafeteria.
▪ Don’t let the advertising expenses surpass 25 lakhs.
Remember: The past tense of let is also let; there is no change!
MAKE = force or require someone to take an action (కల్పించు/ ఏర్పరచు/ చేయించు )(make - made)
▪ MAKE + PERSON + VERB 1
▪ After Bobby broke the neighbor’s window, his parents made him pay for it.
▪The manager ordered the clerk to make the necessary arrangements for the party.
▪ The teacher made all the students rewrite their papers, because the first drafts were not acceptable.
HAVE = give someone else the responsibility to do something
1▪ HAVE + PERSON + VERB 1
2▪ HAVE + THING + PAST PARTICIPLE OF VERB (V3)
structure 1 example
▪ I’ll have my assistant call you to reschedule the appointment.
▪ The businessman had his secretary make copies of the report.
structure #2: example
▪ I’m going to have my hair cut tomorrow.
▪ We’re having our house painted this weekend.
▪ Bobby had his teeth whitened; his smile looks great!
Note: In informal speech, we often use get in these cases:
▪ I’m going to get my hair cut tomorrow.
▪ We’re getting our house painted this weekend.
▪ Bobby got his teeth whitened; his smile looks great!
▪ My washing machine is broken; I need to get it repaired.
GET = convince/encourage someone to do something
▪ GET + PERSON + TO + VERB
▪ How can we get all the employees to arrive on time?
▪ My husband hates housework; I can never get him to wash the dishes!
▪ I was nervous about eating noodles, but my brother got me to try it at a chinese restaurant.
▪ The non-profit got a professional photographer to take photos at the event for free.
HELP = assist someone in doing something
▪ HELP + PERSON + VERB (base form)
▪ HELP + PERSON + TO + VERB
After “help,” you can use “to” or not – both ways are correct. In general, the form without “to” is more common:
▪ He helped me carry the boxes.
▪ He helped me to carry the boxes.
▪ Reading before bed helps me relax
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