Day 63-Spoken English to teachers -Direct and Indirect Speech -Learn GrammarSpoken English to School Teachers - Day 63: Spoken English to teachers -Asking -Giving Opinion-Agreeing-Disagreeing for an opinion: Spoken English training to teachers by whatsapp, Innovative spoken English Programme, Day wise spoken English classes, whatsapp English course, 5 words-5 sentences-pro verbs, Grammar, vocabulary, English lessons, Learn English, Learn Tenses. Day 63- Spoken English to Teachers - Learn Tenses, Vocabulary, Verb forms, Prepositions, Structures, Grammar focus, Words often mistaken, Day 63-Spoken English to Teachers-Grammar-Prepositions-Active voice-Passive Voice-Language Functions, Direct and Indirect Speech
SPOKEN ENGLISH DAY-63(30-5-2016)
_Direct and Indirect Speech_
There are two ways to report what someone says or thinks:
🏻1. Direct speech shows a person’s exact words. Quotation marks (“....”) are a sign that the words are the EXACT words that a person used.
a. Mary asked, “Where are you going?”
b. Jayesh replied, “I’m going home.”
🏻2. Reported speech puts the speaker’s words or ideas into a sentence without quotation marks. Noun clauses are usually used.
( In reported speech, the reader does not assume that the words are the speaker’s exact words; often, they are a paraphrase of the speaker’s words.
a. Mary asked Jayesh where he was going.
b. Jayesh said he was going home.
Use of the word “that” is optional in reported speech. Both of the following sentences are correct:
1. 🏻The boy said that he was lost.
2. 🏻The boy said he was lost.
There are various rules to change direct speech to indirect speech....
Let's see them now
PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES: CHANGES NECESSARY
First and second person pronouns and possessive adjectives normally change to the third person except when the speaker is reporting his own words.
(I = he, she; me = him, her; my = his, her; mine = his, hers; we = they...)
- She said, “he’s my son”.
She said that he was her son.
-“I’m ill”, she said.
She said that she was ill.
THIS / THESE
This used in time expressions usually becomes that.
🏻1. a) She said, “She’s coming this week”.
b) She said that she was coming that week.
This and that used as adjectives usually change to the.
2. a) He said, “I bought this pearl/these pearls for my mother”.
b) He said that he had bought the pearl/the pearls for his mother.
This, these used as pronouns can become it, they/them.
3.a) He came back with two knives and said, “I found these beside the king’s bed”.
b) He said he had found them beside the king’s bed.
4. a) He said, “We will discuss this tomorrow”.
b)He said that they would discuss it (the matter) the next day.
The other rules of conversion of direct speech to indirect speech will be seen in the next sessions...🏻
Day wise Spoken English-Grammar: