Day 56-Spoken English to teachers - Active voice-Passive Voice in Present tense

Day 56-Spoken English to Teachers-Grammar-Active voice-Passive Voice in Present tense

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SPOKEN ENGLISH DAY-56 (23-5-2016)

Passive voice
Dear friends
Let's learn today to form passive sentences in present tense.
While rewriting active sentences in passive voice we must note the following:
1. The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
2. Be forms in the present are used ( is/ are, been , being)
3. Past participle form of verb (V3) is used.
4. The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)

I. Simple Present tense
Active sentence :
subject + V1 + object

Passive sentence :
Object as subject + is/are + V3 + by + subject as object

Eg:
1. We enjoy holidays. ( A.V.)
Holidays are enjoyed by us. ( P.V.)
2. Children play cricket everyday. ( A.V.)
Cricket is played by children everyday.(P.V.)
3. Rajesh watches television . ( A.V.)
Television is watched by Rajesh.( P.V.)

II. Present continuous tense.
Active sentence :
Subject + is/am/are+ V1ing + object.

Passive voice :
Object as subject + is/are + being + V3 + by + subject as object.

Eg:
1. We are enjoying holidays. ( A.V.)
Holidays are being enjoyed by us. ( P.V.)
2. Children are playing cricket everyday. (A.V.)
Cricket is being played by children everyday.( P.V.)
3. Rajesh is watching television . ( A.V.)
Television is being watched by Rajesh.( P.V.)

III. Present perfect tense:
Active voice
Subject + has/ have+ V3+ object

Passive voice
Object as subject + has/have+ been + V 3 + subject as object.

Eg:
1. We have enjoyed holidays. ( A.V.)
Holidays have been enjoyed by us. ( P.V.)
2. Children have played cricket everyday. ( A.V.)
Cricket has been played by children everyday.( P.V.)
3. Rajesh has watched television . ( A.V.)
Television has been watched by Rajesh.( P.V.)

IV. Present perfect continuous tense:
Active voice
Subject + has/ have+ been + V1 ing +object

Passive voice
Object as subject + has/have+ been + being +V 3 + subject as object.

Eg:
1. We have been enjoying holidays for a month ( A.V.)
Holidays have been being enjoyed by us for a month. ( P.V.)
2. Children have been playing cricket since 7 a.m. ( A.V.)
Cricket has been being played by children since 7 a.m.( P.V.)
3. Rajesh has been watching television for hours. ( A.V.)
Television has been being watched by Rajesh for hours.( P.V.)

Note: Generally present perfect continuous passive is not used in the spoken language.
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